Illusion of Orderliness: Macro Theories, Conspiracy Theories and Tables-technocrats


  • Zitong Zeng
  • Zhen Tian
  • Sikun Zhao


Macro Theories; Conspiracy Theories; Tables-technocrats; Illusion of Orderliness.


People never cease to seek order. Previous research has shown that there are two ways to achieve control over the functioning of society. The first approach, known as the Newtonian paradigm, is a top-down response to the complexity of state governance through a hierarchical form of organization, integrated functional roles, and command-and-control mechanisms. The second approach addresses the ineffectiveness of all-powerful governments by building self-organizing, self-synergizing, and dynamically changing governance networks. With the development of information technology, the efficiency of both approaches has increased, and managers have tended to use both to simplify the complexities of national governance. However, this paper suggests that we should be wary of falling into a Hegelian order that exists only conceptually, a harmonious order that eliminates contradictions, details, and complexity. This desire for orderliness and fear of uncertainty has led to our worship of grand theories and preference for conspiracy theories. Finally, this illusion of orderliness produces tables-technocrats who focus on theoretical problem solving. They believe that technological solutions to all social problems can be found if new technologies are constantly developed and more complete information is constantly available. But most people believe that tables are the means to organize information in an efficient and standardized way, which leads to the incomprehensible parts not being recorded and computed through tables.


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How to Cite

Zeng, Z., Tian, Z., & Zhao, S. (2022). Illusion of Orderliness: Macro Theories, Conspiracy Theories and Tables-technocrats. Frontiers in Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(11), 237–242. Retrieved from