From Partner to Competitor: The Proximization Analysis of the National Security Strategy of the United States of America from Three Administrations
Keywords:National Security Strategy of the United States of America; Proximization Theory; Legalization; Critical Discourse Analysis.
At present, Sino-US relations are changing rapidly. The game and cooperation between China and the United States play an important role in the world. Therefore, it is very important for the two nations to analyze the counterpart’s discourse to further extract the detailed ideologies. Critical discourse analysis can excavate the ideology in language. In recent years, the proximization theory is a new method for critical discourse analysis. Based on the proximization theory, this paper discusses the ideologies transmitted by the three presidents, that is, Barack Hussein Obama, Donald Trump, and Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr in China-related issues of the National Security Strategy of the United States of America. It is found that in the reports issued by three American presidents, the orientation of the US government towards China is changing from partner in Obama’s administration to competitor in Trump and Biden’s administration. Obama’s attitude towards China is relatively friendly, and he believes that China is one of the allies of the United States in building a world framework. Trump shows the worst attitude towards China, positioning China as a rising threat, and guiding people to fear China, thus making excuses for the implementation of his America first policy. Biden’s attitude towards China is rather bad, and he constantly interferes in China’s internal affairs. At the same time, he slanders the lack of human rights in some regions of China, which makes the American people feel sympathy and resentment, thus making it easier to implement his foreign policy.
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