Transformation of Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties: Reform of National Rally and its Political Influence

Authors

  • Zhou Xia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v20i.2345

Keywords:

National Ally; Right-Wing Populist Parties; Marine Le Pen; Political Party Reform.

Abstract

In April 2022, Marine Le Pen, the leader of the National Ally, not only entered the second round of the French presidential election again, but also achieved a new high in the election results of French far-right parties with 41.45% of the votes. Similarly, in the June parliamentary elections, the National Ally’s seats increased from 9 to 89, which is undoubtedly a further affirmation of the National Ally reform. Since 2011, Marine Le Pen who has carried out top-down reform of the National Ally put forward a series of strategies, including anti-European integration, de-demonization, and networking, which made a breakthrough in the European parliament elections and French municipal elections, leaving a great impact on the political ecology of French political parties and European politics. Radical right-wing populist parties, represented by the French National Ally, have a voter base that should not be underestimated and become important in the political arena of Western Europe.

References

Zhang, L. (2007). Right-wing populism, electoral politics, and French national front. The Journal of International Studies, 28(2), 80-91.

Stockemer, D. (2017). The French national in France-continuity and change under Jean-Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen. Cham: Springer.

Ivaldi, G. & Lanzone, M. E. (2016). The French front national: Organizational change and adaptation from Jean-Marie to Marine Le Pen. Understanding Populist Party Organisation, 131-158.

Wang, J. (2020). Research on the causes of the current rise of populism in France. Beijing: Master Thesis of China Foreign Affairs University. DOI:10.27373/d.cnki.gwjxc.2020.000157.

Peng, S. Y. (2014). Why does the French “front national" of right wing extremism rise strongly? Contemporary World, (12), 73-75.

Postelnicescu, C. (2016). ‘Europe’s new identity: The refugee crisis and the rise of nationalism. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 12(2), 203-209. doi:10.5964/ejop. v12i2.1191.

Yin, J. Z. & Fang, L. X. (2019). The influence paths of far-right parties on European integration: A post-functionalist perspective. Journal of Renmin University of China, 33(6), 11.

Yan, X. (2020). A study on the rise of the right-wing political parties in Europe and its relations with the refugee policies. Journal of World Peoples Studies, (2), 12.

Abdalla, J. (2017). Europe’s refugee crisis: Right-wing populism and mainstream cooption in Germany and France. CUNY Academic Works. Retrieved from https:// academicworks. cuny. edu/cc _etds_ theses/ 731.

Atabong, N. (2018). Immigration and the revival of nationalist sentiments in France: A nationalistic rhetoric of Marine Le Pen. Jyväskylä: Master Thesis: University of Jyväskylä. Retrieved from https:// jyx. jyu. fi/bitstream/handle/123456789 /58696/URN%3ANBN%3Afi%3Ajyu-201806213316.pdf? sequence =1.

Xiao, Y. S. (1999). Analysis of the division of French “front national”. International Review, (02), 35-36, 50.

Wu, Y. (1991). Serious French rational discrimination. World Affairs, (12), 9.

Hainsworth, P. (2007). The extreme right in France: the rise and rise of Jean‐Marie Le Pen’s front national. Representation, 40(2), 101-114. DOI:10.1080/00344890408523253.

Duan, M. M. (2017). The political strategy of the European radical right parties in taking EU as an instrument--A case study of French front national. Chinese Journal of European Studies, 035(003), 41-56.

Vinocur, M. (2016), Marine Le Pen’s cash-flow crisis. WEB: Politico. Retrieved from https:// www. politico. eu/article/marine-le-pens-cash-flow-crisis-french-presiden tial-elections-2017/.

Shields, J. (2010). Support for Le Pen in France: Two elections in Trompe l'œil’, Political Study Association, 30(1), 61-69. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9256.2009.01369.x.

Chen, G. & Li, J. Q. (2017). Renouvellement politique et bilan du rassemblement national à la suite de l’élection présidentielle française de 2017. Etudes Francaises, (04), 28-41.

Gabriel G. (2016).‘The resurgence of the front national’, in Gabriel Goodliffe and Riccardo Brizzi eds. France after 2012. New York: Berghahn Books, 112-132.

Ivaldi, G. (2014). A new course for the French radical-right? The front national and de-demonization. Retrieved from https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01059 581.

Bell, D. S. (1994). The French national front, History of European Ideas, 18 (2), 225-240.

Bréchon, P. & Mitra, S. K. (1992). The national front in France: The emergence of an extreme right protest movement, Comparative Politics, 25(1), 63-82. Retrieved from https://org/10.2307/422097.

Stockemer, D. & Barisione, M. (2016). The ‘new’ discourse of the front national under Marine Le Pen: A slight change with a big impact, European Journal of Communication, 32(2), 100-115.

Ivaldi, G. (2019). Populism in France: A comparative perspective, Populism around the world: A comparative perspective, Cham: Springer, 27-48.

Betz, H. G. (2013). The new front national: Still a master case? RECODE – Responding to Complex Diversity in Europe and Canada, 30.

Zhang, W. (2018). Research on the development of French front national from the perspective of political party institutionalization. Shanghai: School of Communist Party of China.

Xu, Y. M. (2021). The evolution of the voter based of front national. Hangzhou: Master Thesis of Zhejiang University.

Pasca, P. (2016), Montee en puissancce et recompositions de l electorat frontiste. Pouvoirs, (157), 66.

Yang, Y. Q. (2017). An analysis of the French national front--Transition and its reasons. Beijing: Master Thesis of Beijing Foreign Studies.

Stockemer, D. & Amengay, A. (2015). The voters of the FN under Jean Marie Le Pen and Marine Le Pen: Continuity or change? French Politics, 13(4), 370-390.

Mondon A. (2015). Populism, the people and the illusion of democracy--The front national and UKIP in a comparative context. French Politics, 2(13), 141-156.

Tian, Y. & Zhang, Q. Y. (2019). Globalization, regional differentiation, and populism: The rise of the national front from the perspective of electoral geography. World Economics and Politics, (6), 37.

Armstrong, M. (2017). The changing face of Le Pen’s front national. Statista. Retrieved from https://www.statista.com/chart/9054/the-changing-face-of-le-pens- front-national/.

Hu, H. (2019). European populist parties are “connected” to reshape Europe? World Affairs, (11), 2.

Gong, L. B, & Qin, Q. (2020). The causes and strategies of the coalition of European populist parties. Contemporary World and Socialism, (4), 8.

Shi, L. C. (2020). The characteristics and reasons of the development of right-wing populism in Europe. Journal of Strategy and Decision-Making, 11(06), 85-104, 108.

Lin, D. S. (2020). New trends of international extreme right-wing thoughts. People’s Tribune, (36), 32-35.

Downloads

Published

2022-10-18

How to Cite

Xia, Z. (2022). Transformation of Radical Right-Wing Populist Parties: Reform of National Rally and its Political Influence. BCP Social Sciences & Humanities, 20, 375–387. https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v20i.2345