Utilizing Meditation Audio in Warrior Mind Training Treat Traumatized Firefighters

Authors

  • Mengqi Zou

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v20i.2453

Keywords:

Meditation; Traumatize; Firefighter; Insomnia; Warrior Mind Training.

Abstract

Meditation is a psychological concept that has become a hot topic recently in the field of neuroscience. Based on many fundamental and crucial experiments or research, people discovered that meditation, however, is a stress buster that helps people to alleviate the symptoms of anxiety disorders spectrums with its scientific mechanisms that are studied. When it comes to firefighters frequently exposed to traumatic fire scenes and at risk of being traumatized, chances are high that meditation will be a pragmatic way of improving their resistance when exposed to the trauma without any side effects caused by its medication. This paper examines the effectiveness of meditation in alleviating PTSD or traumatized symptoms for firefighters with the use of two psychological scales, analyzing and categorizing each result in the statistic. By listening to the meditation audio, the symptoms of insomnia and anxiety have been assuaged, shown by the post-intervention group with p=0.099<0.1, χ2 =4.63 in insomnia-scale measurement, as well as p=0.079<0.1, χ2 = 3.086 in traumatized-scale measurement, embodying the effectiveness of meditation in alleviating traumatized symptoms and insomnia severity as prediction (P was set at 0.1).

References

DSM-5: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition. Generic Tyzek, 2022.

“PTSD: National Center for PTSD.” U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, www. ptsd.va. gov/ understand/ common/common_adults.asp. Accessed 4 Sept. 2022.

Jones, Laura K., and Jenny L. Cureton. “Trauma Redefined in the DSM-5: Rationale and Implications for Counseling Practice.” The Professional Counselor, vol. 4, no. 3, July 2014, pp. 257–71. https:// doi. org/ 10.15241/lkj.4.3.257.

Boffa, Joseph W et al. “Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Suicide Risk in Male Firefighters: The Mediating Role of Anxiety Sensitivity.” The Journal of nervous and mental disease vol. 206,3 (2018): 179-186. doi:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000779.

Kumpula, Mandy J et al. “Peritraumatic dissociation and experiential avoidance as prospective predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms.” Journal of abnormal psychology vol. 120,3 (2011): 617-27. doi: 10. 1037/a0023927.

Morris, David. “Trauma Post Trauma.” Slate Magazine, 21 July 2015, slate. com/ technology/ 2015/ 07/ prolonged-exposure-therapy-for-ptsd-the-vas-treatment-has-dangerous-side-effects.html.

Lang, Ariel J., et al. “The Theoretical and Empirical Basis for Meditation as an Intervention for PTSD.” Behavior Modification, vol. 36, no. 6, 2012, pp. 759–86. Crossref, https:// doi. org/ 10. 1177/0145 4455 12441200.

West, Michael. “Meditation.” The British Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 135, no. 5, Jan. 2018, pp. 457–67. https: // doi.org/10.1192/bjp.135.5.457.

“How Meditation Impacts Your Mind and Body.” Verywell Mind, 22 July 2022, www. very well mind. com/what-is-meditation-2795927.

Burke, Adam. “Prevalence and Patterns of Use of Mantra, Mindfulness and Spiritual Meditation Among Adults in the United States.” BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol. 17, 316 (2017), June 2017, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12906-017-1827-8.

Ccollins. “Warrior Mind Training – ‘Mindfulness’ Meditation | Veterans Families United.” Veterans Families United, veteransfamiliesunited.org/warrior-mind-training. Accessed 4 Sept. 2022.

Department Of Health and Human Services, U.S. A Treatment Improvement Protocol - Trauma-Informed Care in Behavioral Health Services - Tip 57. lulu.com, 2016.

The Associated Press. “‘Warrior Mind Training’ Helps Troops Stay Calm.” NBC News, 8 Oct. 2008, www.nbcnews.com/health/health-news/warrior-mind-training-helps-troops-stay-calm-flna1c9458404.

Ccollins. “Warrior Mind Training --‘Mindfulness’ Meditation | Veterans Families United.” Veterans Families United, veteransfamiliesunited.org/warrior-mind-training. Accessed 4 Sept. 2022.

Psarros, Constantin et al. “Personality characteristics and individual factors associated with PTSD in firefighters one month after extended wildfires.” Nordic journal of psychiatry vol. 72,1 (2018): 17-23. doi: 10.1080/08039488.2017.1368703.

Okajima, Isa et al. “Evaluation of Severity Levels of the Athens Insomnia Scale Based on the Criterion of Insomnia Severity Index.” International journal of environmental research and public health vol. 17,23 8789. 26 Nov. 2020, doi:10.3390/ijerph17238789.

VA.gov | Veterans Affairs. www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/assessment/adult-sr/ptsd-checklist.asp. Accessed 15 Sept. 2022.

“Wen Juan Xing.” https://www.wjx.cn, www.wjx.cn. Accessed 19 Sept. 2022.

Zen Warrior - Asian Meditation Music for Tai Chi Yoga Practice, Oriental Songs for Martial Arts Training. Aqua Purha, 6 Jan. 2017, www. youtube. com/ playlist? list= OLAK5uy_ lLjcfV2k2hDzOQDLttjaZ3l zBs5Ej1qpw.

Black, David S et al. “Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances: a randomized clinical trial.” JAMA internal medicine vol. 175,4 (2015): 494-501. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8081.

Black, David S et al. “Mindfulness meditation and improvement in sleep quality and daytime impairment among older adults with sleep disturbances: a randomized clinical trial.” JAMA internal medicine vol. 175,4 (2015): 494-501. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.8081.

Ong, Jason C et al. “A randomized controlled trial of mindfulness meditation for chronic insomnia.” Sleep vol. 37,9 1553-63. 1 Sep. 2014, doi:10.5665/sleep.4010.

How to Prevent Trauma from Becoming PTSD. 19 Sept. 2017, adaa.org/learn-from-us/from-the-experts/blog-posts/consumer/how-prevent-trauma-becoming-ptsd.

Zoellner, Lori A., et al. “PTSD Not an anxiety disorder? DSM Committee Proposal Turns Back the Hands of Time.” Depression and Anxiety, vol. 28, no. 10, Wiley, Oct. 2011, pp. 853–56. https:// doi.org/ 10. 1002 /da.20899.

Kim, Hwa Jung, et al. “Effects of Meditation on Anxiety, Depression, Fatigue, and Quality of Life of Women Undergoing Radiation Therapy for Breast Cancer.” Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol. 21, no. 4, Aug. 2013, pp. 379–87. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2013.06.005.

Hofmann, Stefan G et al. “The effect of mindfulness-based therapy on anxiety and depression: A meta-analytic review.” Journal of consulting and clinical psychology vol. 78,2 (2010): 169-83. doi: 10. 1037/ a0018555.

Zhang, Jia-Yuan, et al. “Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Posttraumatic Growth of Chinese Breast Cancer Survivors.” Psychology, Health &Amp; Medicine, vol. 22, no. 1, Informa UK Limited, Feb. 2016, pp. 94–109. https:// doi. org/ 10. 1080/ 13548 506. 2016. 1146405.

Fruchtman-Steinbok, Tom et al. “Amygdala electrical-finger-print (AmygEFP) Neuro Feedback guided by individually-tailored Trauma script for post-traumatic stress disorder: Proof-of-concept.” Neuro Image. Clinical vol. 32 (2021): 102859. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2021.102859.

Kral, Tammi R A et al. “Impact of short- and long-term mindfulness meditation training on amygdala reactivity to emotional stimuli.” NeuroImage vol. 181 (2018): 301-313. doi: 10. 1016/ j. neuroimage. 2018. 07.013.

Downloads

Published

2022-10-18

How to Cite

Zou, M. (2022). Utilizing Meditation Audio in Warrior Mind Training Treat Traumatized Firefighters. BCP Social Sciences & Humanities, 20, 614–620. https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v20i.2453