Double Stigma on Psychological Distress of Young Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men Amid Covid-19 Pandemic: The Moderating Role of Affiliate Stigma

Authors

  • Yichen Ding

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpep.v7i.2674

Keywords:

Affiliate Stigma; Meatal Health; LGBTs; Covid-19 Pandemic.

Abstract

During the pandemic of COVID-19, some specific residence linked with virus spread is likely to be stigmatized. The oversea Chinese always perceived courtesy and affiliate stigma due to the geographic linkage to COVID-19. For the LGBTs group who are suffering from internalized stigma related to their sexual identity, affiliate stigma may deteriorate their meatal health further. This study focuses on the effect of double stigma on psychological distress of oversea Chinese LGBTs amid Covid-19 pandemic.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Zhao, Y., Wang, P., Wu, J., Wang, R., & Song, Q. (2020). Evaluation of Factors Associated with Anxiety and Depression in Chinese Visiting Scholars in the United States During the COVID-19 Pandemic Assessed by Online Questionnaires. Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research, 26, e926602. https://doi.org/10.12659/MSM.926602.

Mallory, C., Vasquez, L. A., Brown, T. N. T., Momen, R. E., & Sears, B. (2021). The Impact of Stigma and Discrimination Against LGBT People in West Virginia.

Bower, K. L. (1), Lewis, D. C. (2), Bermúdez, J. M. (2), & Singh, A. A. (3). (2021). Narratives of Generativity and Resilience among LGBT Older Adults: Leaving Positive Legacies despite Social Stigma and Collective Trauma. Journal of Homosexuality, 68(2), 230-251–251.

Hatzenbuehler, M. L. (2009). How does sexual minority stigma "get under the skin"?, A psychological mediation framework. Psychological Bulletin,135(5),707-730. doi:10.1037/a0016441.

Herek, G. M. (2004). Beyond "Homophobia": Thinking about sexual prejudice and stigma in the twenty-first century. Sexuality Research and Social Policy,1(2),6-24. doi:10.1525/srsp.2004.1.2.6.

Kaysen, D.L., Kulesza, M., Balsam, K.F., Rhew, I.C., Blayney, J.A., Lehavot, K.... Hughes, T.L. (2014). Coping as a mediator of internalized homophobia and psychological distress among young adult sexual minority women. Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity,1(3),225-233.

Ren, Z., Hood, R. W. (2018). Internalized Homophobia Scale for Gay Chinese Men: Conceptualization, Factor Structure, Reliability, and Associations with Hypothesized Correlates. American Journal of Men's Health,12(5),1297-1306.

Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R.L., Williams, J.B.W., 2001. The PHQ-9: validity of a brief depression severity measure. J. Gen. Intern. Med. 16 (9), 606–613.

Li, T., Bu, H., & Duan, W. (2021). A brief measure of perceived courtesy and affiliate stigma on covid-19: A study with a sample from China. Personality and Individual Differences, 180, 110993.

Berger, B. E., Ferrans, C. E., & Lashley, F. R. (2001). Measuring stigma in people with HIV: Psychometric assessment of the HIV stigma scale. Research in Nursing & Health, 24(6), 518–529.

Liu, H., Xu, Y., Sun, Y., Dumenci, L., & Seedat, S. (2014). Measuring HIV stigma at the family level: Psychometric assessment of the Chinese Courtesy Stigma Scales (CCSSs). PLoS One, 9(3), Article e92855.

Liu, H., Feng, T., & Rhodes, A. G. (2009). Assessment of the Chinese version of HIV and homosexuality related stigma scales. Sexually transmitted infections, 85(1), 65-69.

Almazan, A. N., King, D., Grasso, C., Cahill, S., Lattanner, M., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., & Keuroghlian, A. S. (2021). Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Data Collection at US Health Centers: Impact of City-Level Structural Stigma in 2018. American Journal of Public Health, 111(11), 2059–2063.

Saraff, S., Singh, T., Kaur, H., & Biswal, R. (2022). Stigma and health of Indian LGBT population: A systematic review. Stigma and Health, 7(2), 178–195.

Downloads

Published

2022-11-07

How to Cite

Ding, Y. (2022). Double Stigma on Psychological Distress of Young Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men Amid Covid-19 Pandemic: The Moderating Role of Affiliate Stigma. BCP Education & Psychology, 7, 277–283. https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpep.v7i.2674