Chinese People’s Perception and Opinion of Feminism

-- A Comment Analysis


  • Rui Zhao



Feminism; Prejudice; Essentialism; Integrated Threat; Collectivism; Filial Piety.


As the global economy moves towards the direction of gender equality, feminist movements have also become more predominant worldwide, including in Chinese society. The purpose of this research is to explore perceptions and opinions about feminism and women empowerment on feminism-related articles posted on Chinese media sites. This qualitative study looks into four articles on feminism-related topics and developed a codebook to analyze the comments of each of the four articles. The findings show that anti-feminists expressed beliefs that women are not a vulnerable group and that women receive more tolerance, assistance, and care in society. Also, according to the analysis of data, anti-feminists show the tendency of overgeneralizing feminism while pro-feminism comments present clarification or de-stigmatization for feminism. However, overall 49.5% of comments were positive, suggesting an overall positive view of feminist issues.


Download data is not yet available.


Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. New York: Addison-Wesley.

Baron-Cohen, S. (2004). The Essential Difference: men, women and the extreme male Brain. Penguin: Harmondsworth, Middlesex.

Beauvoir, Simone (2015) [1949]. The second sex. London: Vintage Classic. ISBN 9781784870386.

Butler, Judith (December 1988). "Performative acts and gender constitution: an essay in phenomenology and feminist theory". Theatre Journal. Johns Hopkins University Press. 40 (4): 519–531. Doi: 10. 2307/ 3207893.

Chen, J.M., & Ratliff, K.A. (2018). Psychological essentialism predicts intergroup bias. Social Cognition, 36, 301-323. doi:10.1521/SOCO.2018.36.3.301.

Ching, B.H., & Xu, J. (2018). The Effects of Gender Neuroessentialism on Transprejudice: An Experimental Study. Sex Roles, 78, 228-241. doi:10.1007/S11199-017-0786-3.

Ching, B.HH., Xu, J.T., Chen, T.T. et al. Gender Essentialism, Authoritarianism, Social Dominance Orientation, and Filial Piety as Predictors for Transprejudice in Chinese People. Sex Roles 83, 426–441 (2020).

Coleman, J., & Hong, Y. (2008). Beyond nature and nurture: The influence of lay gender theories on self-stereotyping. Self & Identity, 7, 34–53. doi:10.1080/15298860600980185.

Das Gupta, M., Jiang, Z., Li, B., Xie, Z., Chung, W., & Bae, H. O. (2003). Why is son preference so persistent in east and South Asia? A crosscountry study of China, India and the Republic of Korea. The Journal of Development Studies,40, 153–187.

Gonzez, K. V., Verkuyten, M., Weesie, J., & Poppe, E. (2008). Prejudice towards Muslims in the Netherlands: Testing integrated threat theory. British Journal of Social Psychology, 47, 667–685. DOI: 10. 1348/014466608X284443.

Grosz, Elizabeth A. (1995). Space, time, and perversion: essays on the politics of bodies. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415911368.

Haslam, N., Rothschild, L., & Ernst, D. (2002). Are essentialist beliefs associated with prejudice? British Journal of Social Psychology, 41, 87–100. doi:10.1348/014466602165072.

Keller, J. (2005). In genes we trust: The biological component of psychological essentialism and its relationship to mechanisms of motivated social cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 686-702. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.88.4.686.

LeVine, R. A., & Campbell, D. T. (1972). Ethnocentrism. New York: John Wiley.

Liu, P., & Chan, C. S. (2003). Lesbian, gay, and bisexual Asian Americans and their families. In L. Zhan (Ed.), Asian Americans: Vulnerable populations, model interventions, and clarifying agendas (pp. 89–104). Sudbury: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Luo, B., Zhan, H. Filial Piety and Functional Support: Understanding Intergenerational Solidarity Among Families with Migrated Children in Rural China. Ageing Int 37, 69–92 (2012). https:// 10. 1007/ s12126-011-9132-1.

Williams, S.H., & Williams, D. (1996). A Feminist Theory of Malebashing. Michigan journal of gender & law, 4, 35-127.

Kinder, D., & Sears, D. (1981). Negative attitudes and politics: Symbolic racism versus racial threats to the good life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 414–431.

Miller, S. J., & Stack, K. (2014). African-American Lesbian and Queer women responds to Christian-based homophobia. Journal of GLBT Family Studies, 10, 243–268.

Morton, T., Postmes, T., Haslam, S., & Hornsey, M. (2009). Theorizing gender in the face of social change: is there anything essential about essentialism? Journal of personality and social psychology, 96 3, 653-64. doi:10.1037/a0012966.

Olzak, S. (1989). Labor unrest, immigration and ethnic conflict in urban America, 1880–1914. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 1303–1333.

Parker, K., & Stepler, R. (2020, September 10). Men seen as financial providers in U.S., even as women's contributions grow. Pew Research Center. 2017/ 09/ 20/americans-see-men-as-the-financial-providers-even-as-womens-contributions-grow/.

Preoţiuc-Pietro, D., Schwartz, H. A., Park, G., Eichstaedt, J., Kern, M., Ungar, L. & Shulman, E. (2016). Modelling Valence and Arousal in Facebook posts. Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Computational Approaches to Subjectivity, Sentiment and Social Media Analysis, San Diego, CA, USA, doi:10. 18653 /v1/w16-0404.

Ramsay, J., & Pang, J. (2017). Anti-Immigrant Prejudice in Rising East Asia: A Stereotype Content and Integrated Threat Analysis. Political Psychology, 38(2), 227-244.

Sherif, M. (1966). Group conflict and cooperation. London: Routledge.

Szymanski, D. M., & Sung, M. (2010). Minority stress and psychological distress among Asian American sexual minority persons. The Counseling Psychologist, 38, 848–872. https:// Doi. org/ 10. 1177/ 0011 000010366167.

World Economic Forum. (2020). (rep.). Global Gender Gap Report 2020. Retrieved from http:// www3. weforum. org/docs/WEF_GGGR_2020.pdf. ISBN-13: 978-2-940631-03-2.




How to Cite

Zhao, R. (2021). Chinese People’s Perception and Opinion of Feminism: -- A Comment Analysis. BCP Social Sciences & Humanities, 14, 46-55.