Exploring the Main Models of Family Therapy
-- Taking Solving Children's Problems as an Example
Keywords:Cognitive behavioral therapy; Narrative family therapy; Strategic family therapy; Structural family therapy; Systemic family therapy.
Aiming at the improvement of children's behavior and mental health problems, this paper uses a review method to sort out and analyze the current mainstream marriage and family therapy methods with the viewpoints and examples of six different therapies. Cognitive behavioral therapy believes that people's behavior will affect people's thinking and emotions, and improve mental illness through behavior. Narrative therapy believes that personal experiences are fundamentally ambiguous and can only be revealed through multiple interpretations, therefore, they believe that problems exist in language, and therefore problems can also be resolved in dialogue through storytelling. Strategic family therapy believes that people exchange multiple levels of information that define their relationship with each other and that for problematic family rules, we need to change not only the specific behavior of family members but also the family rules. Structural family therapy believes that the goal of therapy is to remove structures that hinder the functioning of the family and replace them with more robust structures that allow the family to function as a whole. Systemic family therapy emphasizes the feelings of the whole family, it tries to identify problems in the family dynamics, as well as the thoughts and attitudes of the whole family to reveal what may be going on in the whole family. Relationship counseling specializes in helping people build the relationships they want with their intimate partners, family, and themselves. Summarizing these modalities will facilitate the integration of all modalities for marriage and family therapy and the selection of the appropriate method.
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