The Relationship of Socialism, Nationalism and Pan- Africanism in the Thinking of Nyerere and Nkrumah

Authors

  • Linlin Jiang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v14i.195

Keywords:

Nyerere; Nkrumah; Socialism; Nationalism; Pan-Africanism.

Abstract

Nyerere is the first-generation of African nationalist, while Nkrumah is a famous ideological theorist and politician in the history of Ghana. They all saw socialism as manifestation of communitarianism. Nyerere believes that socialism is a state of mind and elaborates on the relationship between nationalism and Pan-Africanism, putting forward that unity is more important than independence and that African countries should establish federalism before achieving national independence. While Nkrumah holds the view that African socialism is the reappearance of traditional spirit in a modern environment. Pan-African Movement is the expression of African nationalism, and his socialist thought is mainly embodied in the philosophy of conscience. Socialism is the defence of local autonomy, and the goal of socialism is the decolonization of Africa.

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References

Kwame Shivji, “Nationalism and Pan-Africanism: decisive moments in Nyerere’s intellectual and political thought”, Review of African Political Economy, 39 (2012).

Deji Adesoye, “African socialism in Nyerere and Nkrumah”, Philosophy Pathways,216(2017).

K. Botwe-Asamoah, Kwame Nkrumah’s Politico- cultural Thought and Policies (N.Y:Routledge).

J. Nyerere, “From Uhuru to Ujamaa”, Africa Today, 21 (1974).

J. Nyerere, “Freedom and Unity”, Transition 14 (1964).

Julius K. Nyerere, Freedom and Development, Oxford University Press, 383.

Kwame Shivji, “Nationalism and pan-Africanism: decisive moments in Nyerere’s intellectual and political thought”, Review of African Political Economy, 39 (2012), 114.

Julius K. Nyerere, Freedom and Liberation, Oxford University Press(T)Ltd,2011,259.

K. Nkrumah, Africa Must Unite, 1963, 135.

Yuri Smertin, Kwame Nkrumah (New York: International Publishers, 1987),133.

Julius K. Nyerere, Freedom and Unity, Oxford University Press, 1066, 172.

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Published

2021-12-17

How to Cite

Jiang, L. (2021). The Relationship of Socialism, Nationalism and Pan- Africanism in the Thinking of Nyerere and Nkrumah. BCP Social Sciences & Humanities, 14, 211-216. https://doi.org/10.54691/bcpssh.v14i.195