Research on the Occupational Stigma Perception and Turnover Intention of Informal Employees under the Platform Economy in China
Keywords:Informal Employment; Occupational Stigma Perception; Turnover Intention; Emotional Exhaustion; Sense of Work Significance.
In 2018, the International Labor Organization (ILO) released a report stating that there are currently 2 billion practitioners worldwide who were in informal employment, accounting for a total of 61 total employed people. In China, according to the National Bureau of Statistics, by the end of 2021, the flexible employment personnel in China had reached 200 million, and informal employment has become an important form of employment in the country. Takeaway riders and other positions have the characteristics of occupational stigma due to the poor working environment and the lack of perfect labor rights protection. Meanwhile, the nature of the work of these informal employees will increase the great pressure on the them to be controlled by the time and the environment. Based on the combination of social identity theory and motivation theory, the paper presents and verifies the theoretical model of the impact of occupational stigma perception on turnover intention in the platform economy. On the basis of the data from 135 workers, it tests the study hypotheses. The results show that under the platform economy, the occupational stigma perception of informal employees increases the turnover intention, while emotional exhaustion plays an intermediary role, and the sense of work significance negatively regulates the role of emotional exhaustion on the turnover intention.
Li Min, Qiu Lili. On social protection of informal employment in China [J]. Social Science in Nanjing, 2006 (03): 97-102.
Wang Yumei, Yu Xiaotong, Wen Shanshan. Effect of occupational stigma and consistency of work impurity on work well-being and job outcomes [J]. Human Resources Development in China, 2022, 39 (02): 6-17. DOI: 10.16471/j.cnki.11-2822/c. 2022.2. 001.
Zhao Li, Hu Angang. China's transition period of urban informal employment and informal economy (1990 ~ 2004) [J]. Journal of Tsinghua University (Philosophy and Social Sciences), 2006,3:111- -119.
Xue Jinjun, Gao Wenshu. Urban informal employment in China: scale, characteristics and income gap [J]. Comparative Economic & Social Systems, 2012,164 (6), 59-69.
Zhou Ye, Huang Xu. High occupational prestige practitioner’s occupational stigma perception and employee wellbeing --based on a cognitive dissonance perspective [J]. Economic Management, 2018,40 (4), 84-101.
Tajfel, H, and J, C. Turner. The Social identity Theory of Intergroup Behavior [M]. Psychology of Intergroup Relations, 1986.
Wei Wei, Liu Beni, Ling Yaru. The influence of digital odd-job career stigma perception on turnover intention under the platform algorithm [J]. Human Resources Development in China, 2022, Vol. 39, No.2.
Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.
Maslach, C. (1982). Understanding burnout, pp.29-40.
Leiter, M. P., & Maslach, C (1998). The impact of interpersonal environment on burnout and organizational commitment. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 9, 297-308.
Chen Ruijun, Qin Qiwen. The relationship between emotional labor and depression and anxiety: the mediating effect of emotional exhaustion [J]. Psychological Science, 2011, 34(3):4.
Akbar, F., & Akhtar, S. (2019). Erratum to: relationship of lmx and agreeableness with emotional exhaustion: a mediated moderated model. Current Psychology, 38(1), 228-228.
Goffman, E. (1974). Stigma and Social Identity.
Hobfoll, & Stevan, E. (1989). Conservation of resources. a new attempt at conceptualizing stress. Am Psychol, 44(3), 513.
Cooke, F L, J Xu, and H. Bian. The Prospect of Decent Work, Decent Industrial Relations and Decent Social Relations in China: Towards a Multi-Level and Multi-Disciplinary Approach [J]. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 2019, 30, (1):122-155.
Song Yin, Huang Zhongjin, Hu Heyan. A Review of the Research on Sense of Work Meaning and Its Future Prospects [J]. Human Resources Development in China, 2018,35(9): 85-96.
Pfeffer, S. J. (1978). A social information processing approach to job attitudes and task design. Adm Sci Q, 23(2), 224-253.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.